Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) can be hybridized with other energy sources, storage systems and energy conversion applications to provide electricity, heat and hydrogen. SMR technology thus has the potential to strongly contribute to the energy decarbonisation in order to achieve carbon-neutrality in Europe. However, the integration of nuclear reactors, particularly SMRs, into hybrid energy systems is a new R&D topic to be investigated. In this context, the TANDEM project proposes to address most specifically the SMR safety issues related to the light-water SMR integration, considering a near-term deployment in Europe at 2030’s horizon. However, the project will also provide perspectives, whenever possible, for the integration of Advanced Modular Reactors (AMRs) at 2050’s horizon, in the Generation-IV framework.
The high-level objectives associated with the TANDEM project are the following:
- Assess the safety compliance of SMRs to be integrated in the future European energy mix,*
- Provide guidance in a deployment perspective for future integration of SMRs and AMRs into well-balanced hybrid energy systems,
- Foster enabling environment for the development of hybrid energy systems based on SMRs and AMRs.